Also known as adhesive capsulitis, a “frozen shoulder” is an inflammatory condition in which the lining of the shoulder joint becomes so irritated and contracted that the shoulder has very limited range of motion. What little motion remains can be very painful. Frozen shoulder can develop rapidly, or it can have a more gradual onset over time. Usually, anti-inflammatory medications, a shoulder injection, and physical therapy will result in an improvement in pain and range of motion. Sometimes, however, a manipulation under anesthesia, or a forced moving of the joint, may be needed. In some cases, an arthroscopic lysis of adhesions, or surgical cleanout of the scar tissue, is required.
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